Whereas plenty of literature is available on the technical aspects of watershed development and other livelihood strategies in India, not much has been written on the institutional aspects, entrepreneurial strategies or the role of ICT. ICTs offer tremendous potential for strengthening rural livelihoods and diversifying the rural economy.
This is the report from World Water Week 2013, held in Stockholm 1-6 September 2013. It provides input into the discussions at the event which was themed ‘Water Cooperation: Building Partnerships’. The report also explores issues such as the role of ICT, the importance of climate mitigation and adaptation coherence and the interplay between actors in water, food and energy.
In 2012, there remain 1.4 billion people without access to energy and 783 million without access to improved water resources. Mobile penetration in Africa is estimated to reach 76 per cent by 2014 and more people have access to a mobile phone than to energy and water.
Every so often, I see ICT4D projects that have way over-thought their solution, going for whiz-bang technology over simpler, human solutions. Here is an example from DfID, which is trying to help with water shortages in Kenya.
Medair International provides emergency relief and rehabilitation to the most vulnerable and difficult-to-reach regions in Africa and Asia in natural disasters, conflict areas, and other extraordinary crises.